Cloud computing is now a vital online technology that is used worldwide. The market size of cloud computing is expected to reach $832.1 billion by 2025. Its demand will always increase in the future, and there are many major reasons behind it. It has acquired popularity because it is less expensive for companies rather than setting up their on-site server implementations.
In this article, we’ve covered the top 14 in-demand research topics on cloud computing that you need to know.
📌 These cloud Computing research topics are:
- Green cloud computing
- Edge computing
- Cloud cryptography
- Load balancing
- Cloud analytics
- Cloud scalability
- Mobile cloud computing
- Big data
- Cloud deployment model
- Cloud security
- Cloud computing platforms
- Cloud service model
Top 14 Cloud Computing Research Topics For 2022
Due to rapid growth and demand for cloud, the energy consumption in data centers is increasing. Green Cloud Computing is used to minimize energy consumption and helps to achieve efficient processing and reduce the generation of E-waste.
It is also called GREEN IT. The goal is to go paperless and decrease the carbon footprint in the environment due to remote working.
Power management, virtualization, sustainability, and environmental recycling will all be handled by green cloud computing.
A rapidly growing field where the data is processed at the network’s edge instead of being processed in a data warehouse is known as edge computing. The real-time computing capacity is driving the development of edge-computing platforms. The data is processed from the device itself to the point of origin without relying on a central location which also helps to increase the system’s security. It gives certain benefits such as cost-effectiveness, powerful performance, and new functionality which wasn’t previously available.
Some innovations are made with the help of cloud computing by increasing the ability of network edge capabilities and expanding wireless connections.
3. Cloud Cryptography
Cloud Cryptography is a strong layer of protection through codes that helps to give security to the cloud storage and breach of the data. It saves sensitive data content without delaying the transmission of information. It can turn plain text into unreadable code with the help of computers and algorithms and restrict the view of data being delivered.
The clients can use the cryptographic keys only to access this data. The user’s information is kept private, which results in fewer chances of cybercrime from the hackers.
4. Load Balancing
The workload distribution over the server for soft computing is called load balancing. It helps distribute resources over multiple PCs, networks, and servers and allows businesses to manage workloads and application needs. Due to the rapid increase in traffic over the Internet, the server gets overloaded—two ways to solve the problem of overload of the servers: single-server and multiple-server solutions.
Keeping the system stable, boosting the system’s efficiency, and avoiding system failures are some reasons to use load balancing. It can be balanced by using software-based and hardware-based load balancers.
5. Cloud Analytics
Cloud analytics is a set of societal and analytical tools that analyze data on a private or public cloud to reduce data storage costs and management. It is specially designed to help clients get information from massive data. It is widely used in industrial applications such as genomics research, oil and gas exploration, business intelligence, security, and the Internet of Things (IoT).
It can help any industry improve its organizational performance and drive new value from its data. It is delivered through various models: public, private, hybrid, and community models.
6. Cloud Scalability
Cloud scalability refers to the capacity to scale up or down IT resources as per the need for change in computing. Scalability is usually used to fulfill the static needs where the workload is handled linearly when resource deployment is persistent.
The types of scalability are vertical, horizontal, and diagonal. Horizontal scaling is regarded as a long-term advantage; on the other hand, vertical scaling is considered a short-term advantage. The benefits of cloud scalability are reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease, and speed. It is critical to understand how much those changes will cost and how they will benefit the company.
It can be applied to Disk I/O, Memory, Network I/O, and CPU.
7. Mobile Cloud Computing
Mobile cloud computing helps to deliver applications to mobile devices through cloud computing. It allows different devices with different operating systems to have operating systems, computing tasks, and data storage. Mobile cloud helps speed and flexibility, resource sharing, and integrated data. Mobile Cloud Computing advantages are:
- Increased battery life
- Improvement in reliability and scalability
- Simple Integration
- Low cost and data storage capacity
- Processing power improvement
The only drawback is that the bandwidth and variability are limited. It has been chosen due to productivity and demand, increasing connectivity.
8. Big Data
Big data is a technology generated by large network-based systems with massive amounts of data produced by different sources. The data get classified through structured (organized data) and unstructured (unorganized data), and semi-structured forms. The data are analyzed through algorithms which may vary depending upon the data means. Its characteristics are Volume, Variety, Velocity, and Variability.
Organizations can make better decisions with the help of external intelligence, which includes improvements in customer service, evaluation of consumer feedback, and identification of any risks to the product/services.
The way people use the cloud has evolved based on ownership, scalability, access, and the cloud’s nature and purpose. A cloud deployment model identifies a particular sort of cloud environment that determines the cloud infrastructure’s appearance.
Cloud computing deployment models are classified according to their geographical location. Deployment methods are available in public, private, hybrid, community, and multi-cloud models.
It depends on the firms to choose as per their requirements as each model has its unique value and contribution.
10. Cloud Security
Cloud security brings the revolution to the current business model through shifts in information technology. With the rapid increase in the number of cloud computing, the organization needs the security of the cloud, which has become a significant concern.
Cloud Security protects the data from any leakage or outflow, with the removal of theft and catastrophe. The cloud has public, private, and hybrid clouds for security purposes.
Cloud security is needed to secure clients’ data, such as secret design documents and financial records. Its benefits are lower costs, reduced ongoing operational and administrative expenses, increased data reliability and availability, and reduced administration.
11. Cloud Computing Platforms
In an Internet-based data center, a server’s operating system and hardware are referred to as a cloud platform. Cloud platforms work when a firm rents to access computer services, such as servers, databases, storage, analytics, networking, software, and intelligence. So the companies don’t have to set up their data centers or computing infrastructure; they need to pay for what they use. It is a very vast platform where we can do many types of research.
12. Cloud Service Model
The use of networks hosted on the Internet to store from remote servers used in managing and processing data, rather than from a local server or a personal computer. It has three models namely Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Software-as-a-Service (SaaS),and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS).Each type of cloud computing service provides different control, flexibility, and management levels to choose the right services for your requirements.
The ability to deliver applications and services increases an organization’s ability to evolve and improve products faster. This model helps the firms have their benefits more quickly and better than traditional software. In the DevOps approach, development and operations teams are integrated into a single unit, enabling them to develop diverse skills that aren’t limited to a particular task. The benefits of DevOps are rapidity, increase in frequency, reliability, scale, improved collaboration, and security.
It provides a wide range of tools and technologies to meet clients’ needs.
Containerization is a popular software development technique that is rapidly evolving and can be used in addition to virtualization. It includes packaging software code and all of its components so that it may run consistently and uniformly across any infrastructure. The developers and operational teams see its benefit as it helps create and locate applications quickly and more securely. It benefits developers and development groups as it provides flexibility/ portability, the ability to move swiftly and efficiently, speed, fault isolation, efficiency, easily manageable, and security.
Hence, all the above are new technologies of cloud computing developed to benefit users worldwide. But there are some challenges that need to be overcome. People nowadays have become skeptical about whether their data is private, secure, or not. This research can make this security more advanced and help to provide innovations in cloud computing.
We hope this article helps you to know some best research topics on cloud computing and how they’re changing the world.